Peyote is a specific type of cactus that contains a wide variety of psychoactive compounds, including mescaline. Peyote is found naturally in Mexico and southwestern Texas, typically growing in the Chihuahuan Desert. It flowers between March and May, but can flower as late as September, depending on the environmental conditions. Peyote is known for its wide variety of psychoactive properties when ingested. It has been used in religious, ethnic, and medicinal ceremonies by populations indigenous to North America for thousands of years. Indigenous peoples often employ peyote for the treatment of breast pain, childbirth pain, diabetes, blindness, and rheumatism. People who take peyote often report feelings of synesthesia, where rich visual and auditory effects can lead to philosophical and spiritual insights. When ingested, the effects of peyote can last between 10 and 12 hours.